EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL ACTIVITY OF THE SOCIETY "PROSVITA" ON THE TERRITORY OF VOLYN (IN THE PERIOD OF THE INTERWAR TWENTY YEARS OF THE XX CENTURY)

K. Binytska, Ya. Nahornyi, O. Binytska
2020 Pedagogy of the formation of a creative person in higher and secondary schools  
The article analyzes the educational and cultural activity of the society "Prosvita" in Volyn (during the interwar twenty years of the XX century). It is found out that in the 20-s -30-s of the XX century the main tendency of the activity and development of the society "Prosvita" was the reliance on the own spiritual forces of the Ukrainian people. It is emphasized that educational and cultural activity became one of the priority directions of functioning of the Volyn society "Prosvita". This
more » ... "Prosvita". This direction envisaged the struggle for the Ukrainian language, raising the general cultural level of the Ukrainian population, eliminating illiteracy, creating national educational institutions. It is determined that the means to achieve this goal were: creation of Ukrainian educational institutions, publishing activity, opening of libraries, organization of mass cultural and educational events. Educational and cultural activity of the society "Prosvita" in Volyn during the analyzed period contributed to: − development of Ukrainian schooling (establishment of "children's zakhoronky" (kind of kindergartens), "zakhystky for orphans" (orphanages) and other types of pre-school education institutions, opening of primary, secondary and professional schools, organizing Shevchenko's academies, reading public lectures, organizing general educational, pedagogical and other professional courses, opening of research stations, etc.); − active dissemination of Ukrainian-language literature, opening of a network of libraries, reading rooms, "book borrowings"; − establishment of pro-Ukrainian cultural activity (organizing of dramatic performances, plays, literarymusical evenings, concerts; opening of Ukrainian folk choirs, orchestras); − organization and functioning of sports, "Plast", as well as firefighting groups. The problem of gender equality in the activity of the society "Prosvita" in Volyn was noted; various public and political associations of Volyn, including the Ukrainian educational society "Prosvita" in the early twentieth century were characterized by the high level of female activity. It is generalized that the educational and cultural activity of the Society "Prosvita" on the territory of Volyn during the interwar period had been a prominent phenomenon in national liberation competitions and contributed to the preservation, approval and self-determination of the Ukrainian nation, which contributed to the nationalpatriotic upbringing of the younger generation of Ukrainians.
doi:10.32840/1992-5786.2020.68-1.1 fatcat:ua6dqyad5bh7je5ascw3ktlch4