Challenges and Sustainability of Wheat Production in a Levantine Breadbasket: The Case of the West Bekaa, Lebanon

Salwa Tohmé Tawk, Mabelle Chedid, Ali Chalak, Sarah Karam, Shadi Hamadeh
2019 Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development  
The farming sector in Lebanon, particularly grains production, is threatened by environmental, socioeconomic, and political factors that have led to a high dependence on food imports, thereby undermining national food security. This study focuses on wheat production in its natural Mediterranean habitat (the Levant) and its sustainability in the West Bekaa through value chain analysis that aims to identify constraints and opportunities in the production system. The analysis is based on a survey
more » ... based on a survey at the level of the producers to identify the planted wheat varieties, wheat production systems, land tenure systems, marketing channels, socioeconomic factors of farmers, and different types of wheat by-products. This study reveals important challenges facing the sustainability of wheat production, including farmers resorting to hybrid
doi:10.5304/jafscd.2019.084.011 fatcat:xxrba4skznhzdonzsbh46e46hq