Factors determining the range of motion in primary total knee arthroplasty

Mallesh Rathod, Sandeep Kumar Kanugula, Venugopal S. M., Jagadeesh Gudaru
2019 International Journal of Research in Orthopaedics  
<p class="abstract"><strong>Background:</strong> Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) ­­­­­­is one of the most successful surgical procedure with over 90% survival rate at 10 to 15 years. It provides a stable, pain free range of motion (ROM) for day to day activities. The aim of this study is to evaluate various factors determining ROM after TKA.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Methods:</strong> 348 patients with 390 knees treated with TKA using cruciate retaining (CR) and posterior stabilized (PS)
more » ... thesis were included and analysed. Mean follow up period was 18 months. Patients were analysed for factors like age, sex, diagnosis, body mass index (BMI), pre-operative exercises, ROM, deformity, posterior femoral condylar offset (PFCO), posterior tibial slope (PTS), post-operative rehabilitation and implant design (CR vs PS). Statistical analysis of above factors on knee ROM was done. Patients were assessed pre-operatively, at 6 weeks, 3, 6, 12 and 18 months post-operatively.<strong></strong></p><p class="abstract"><strong>Results:</strong> Age and sex did not affect the final ROM. The mean knee ROM improved from 86.87° to 96.95°. Factors like BMI, deformity had negative correlation and Pre-operative diagnosis, exercises, knee scores, good preoperative ROM, PFCO, PTS had positive correlation on ROM.</p><p class="abstract"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Pre-operative exercises, diagnosis, ROM, deformity, BMI, PFCO and PTS were important factors which influence ROM in TKA. Patient selection and preoperative counselling are important for good clinical outcome.</p>
doi:10.18203/issn.2455-4510.intjresorthop20195793 fatcat:5fiofrpgzzcdjnm2ysyxyh4zda