DETERMINATION THE CONCENTRATIONS OF HEAVY METALS IN THE BLOOD OF CEMENT PLANT WORKERS IN KUFA AND COMPARED WITH THE OTHER WORKERS: AN IMPACT ON BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN THE HUMAN BODY

Suaad Abd M. A. Noor, Noori Y. Salman, Kisma H. Ibrahim Al-Naimi
2021 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health  
In this search measurements of the focus of the heavy elements (Cd, Pb, Fe and Cu) in the blood of workers in different areas of the governorate of Najaf have been investigated. blood samples of 10 people aged from (30-40years) in three regions concerned to study, first, garage area inside the drivers workers, second rural area (Barakea area) and the third cement plant workers Kufa on the windmills ovens and examine the effect of the concentrations of these metals on vital operations within the
more » ... body of human rights by using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometerto determine the concentration of these elements in the blood. Volume/ Issue: Volume: 24/ Issue: 04 11) . Heavy metals are metals that feature the density or atomic number or atomic mass relatively high, such as the transitional metals and semiconductors. Global attention of these elements increased during the past 20 years because of the environmental pollution and the importance of life and some others to sustain growth in the body of the organism (9, (12) (13)(14) (15) (16) . These elements are characterized by gather property in the body of organisms and the indivisibility of the geological and bacteriologicalbreakup in the environment, and therefore, it is within the drinking water and the food chain through the heat sink assembly plants by the roots to the crops and fruits covered by the organism and the environment of the world annual quantities of heavy ele ments which include cadmium and Noor et al (2021): Heavy metals concentration in the blood of cement plant workers 383 | P a g e copper, nickel, lead, zinc and the toxicity of these elements in the environment and the scalability of the heavy element to gain an electron (17) . Heavy elements release to the environment in Iraq, through natural sources that are affected by the passage of time and environmental factors that lead to the liberate of the heavy elements to the environment through industrial sources, which includes the fuel filters that ,will add the tetra ethanol lead to fuel for improved and increased the number octane (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) . It also includes the burning of medical waste, solid waste incinerators, cement factories, the manufacture of batteries, dyes, metal coatings, dental clinics, pharmaceuticals, tanning, textile and rubber factories (17) . In this study, three areas of the Najaf Governorate were concentrated on the importance of this study because it has a positive impact on the health of the Iraqi people in general and the health of their residence in Najaf province in particular because of the importance of this province in terms of tourism, religion and agriculture and the constant influx of visitors from all over the world. MATERIALS AND METHODS Theoretical part: The impact of heavy elements in the body of persons working in different areas of work.In general, organisms need different amounts of heavy metals such as iron, copper, cobalt, manganese, molybdenum, zinc and selenium where the consumption of these metals is necessary and important to maintain the metabolism of the body of the organism but the consumption of large amounts (high concentrations) It is harmful and even poisonous and produces so-called heavy metal poisoning. Metals form 45% of the body's weight. Most of them are concentrated in the skeleton. The gravity of the heavy metals comes from their bioaccumulation within the human body faster than their dissolution through metabolic processes or their release (23, 24) . Cadmium component Cd: Cadmium reaches the air as a negative product of coal burning in power plants as it moves with the dust resulting from the transfer of coal to the surrounding areas and stabilizes in the bodies of living organisms, soil or water sources entering the body mainly when inhaling volatile dust and affects the work of the kidneys as may If inhaled at high concentrations, cancer causes severe lung pain, heart trouble, and increases blood pressure, liver disease and anemia. Cadmium can also lead to weak bone structure (bone marrow or osteoporosis) and digestive system. Most of the cationic elements are Cd + 2 and cadmium also affects the environment where cadmium acquires its toxic properties from a similar chemical structure Zinc is one of the smallest elements needed by plants, animals, and humans. That cadmium is found organically in nature and absorbed by living organisms and accumulates in them and remains for a number of years, although it is presented gradually for humans, prolonged exposure to cadmium lead to renal failure and lead to lung cancer (25) . Lead element Pb: Lead is a cumulative toxicity that affects many organs of the body and harms it. Lead is distributed in the body to the brain, liver, kidneys and thyroid gland. It causes deficiencies in its function and Noor et al (2021): Heavy metals concentration in the blood of cement plant workers
doi:10.36295/asro.2021.24443 fatcat:ph5oekvxxje4pnwumnkyngo3ca