Traqueostomia na criança

José Carlos Fraga, João C. K. de Souza, Juliana Kruel
2009 Jornal de Pediatria  
Objective: To provide an up-to-date review of pediatric tracheostomy, primarily focusing on indications, surgical technique, complications and hospital and home care. Sources: MEDLINE and PubMed databases were searched using the following keywords: tracheostomy, tracheotomy, children, newborn. Summary of the findings: Indications for tracheostomy in children are changing. Today the most common indication is prolonged ventilation. The age at the time of the procedure has also changed, with a
more » ... incidence of tracheostomy in patients less than 1 year old. Except under emergency conditions, pediatric tracheostomy should be performed in the operating room with the child intubated. A horizontal skin incision with vertical tracheal incision and no tracheal resection is recommended. Although post-tracheostomy complications are not uncommon, they usually do not need special treatment or surgical procedures. Tracheostomy mortality can occur in up to 40% of pediatric cases, however the tracheostomy-related mortality rate is only 0 to 6%. Conclusions: The decision to perform a tracheostomy remains complex, and depends on several factors. The procedure is safe and with a low number of complications if carried out at a tertiary hospital by a trained and experienced team. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2009;85(2):97-103: Tracheostomy, tracheotomy, prolonged intubation, children, newborn. This study was carried out at
doi:10.1590/s0021-75572009000200003 pmid:19283325 fatcat:daqy4zwrjvh4xbysgb2gvt4wu4