Gyroplane Rotor Hubs Strength Tests

Małgorzata Wojtas, Agnieszka Sobieszek
2019 Journal of KONES Powertrain and Transport  
In this article a review of rotor, hub constructions were presented. Discussed rotor's hub is made of composite or aluminum alloys materials. Two types of rotor hub were presented (four-blades and two-blades teetering rotor hub), each of them are dedicated to gyroplanes. Typical gyroplane main rotors are characterized by simple design, especially in case of rotors for light gyroplanes. In the following part of the article the type of strength tests required by certification process were shown.
more » ... rocess were shown. The test programs based on legal aspects of admission to the flight tests taking into account legislation such as CS 27 (Subpart C – Strength Requirements), CAP 643 British Civil Airworthiness requirements Section T Light gyroplanes, ASTM F2972. Furthermore, this article discusses strength tests of gyroplane rotor hub such as measured parameters, methodology of measurement, types of sensors, course of test, test stands, and limit loads. The loads during "pull-up from level flight" manoeuvre are limit loads during tests. Required additional processes, like a verification the same parameters by two types of method were shown i.e. deformation of structure were tested by strain gauges and reverse engineering. Strength tests had to be made before flight test, based on results of them aircrafts are flight authorized. In conclusion, the results of tests were presented and fulfilment of legal assumptions and requirements were shown.
doi:10.2478/kones-2019-0082 fatcat:vdbyocndvrenbe4qeprywrstka