Measuring the Cosmological Lepton Asymmetry through the Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy

William H. Kinney, Antonio Riotto
1999 Physical Review Letters  
A large lepton asymmetry in the Universe is still a viable possibility and leads to many interesting phenomena such as gauge symmetry nonrestoration at high temperature. We show that a large lepton asymmetry changes the predicted cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy and that any degeneracy in the relic neutrino sea will be measured to a precision of 1% or better when the CMB anisotropy is measured at the accuracy expected to result from the planned satellite missions MAP and Planck. In
more » ... MAP and Planck. In fact, the current measurements already put an upper limit on the lepton asymmetry of the Universe which is stronger than the one coming from considerations of primordial nucleosynthesis and structure formation.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.83.3366 fatcat:37t6k4nssbawhkttxbwmhlcuvy