Original Article CD4 + CD29 + T cells are blamed for the persistent inflammatory response in ulcerative colitis

Yuzhen Zhu, Yanling Feng, Hongbo Liu, Hua Ye, Cancan Guo, Jinshan Feng, Shixue Dai, Xuebao Zheng
2015 Int J Clin Exp Pathol   unpublished
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder eliciting occurrence of colorectal cancer, the third most common human malignancy. The diagnosis of UC is based on clinical symptoms combined with typical findings on endoscopy, radiology, and ultimately pathology. We investigated the variation trend of CD4 + CD29 + T cells together with MPO, VCAM-1 in different periods of rat UC model and UC patients. We also evaluated the relationship between CD4 + CD29 + T cells and disease
more » ... s and disease severity. UC model was induced by administering DNCB liquid and acetate solution. We found upregulated expression of CD4 + CD29 + T cells in both peripheral blood and colon from rats, and a similar trend for MPO and VCAM-1 in colon (P < 0.05); the expression was especially enhanced in UC rats at two weeks after the model was established (P < 0.01). Such upregulation was also indicated in active and remission UC patients as compared to the healthy and enteritis groups (P < 0.05), with the highest expression level detected in the active UC patients (P < 0.01). Pearson correlation analysis showed a positive correlation of CD4 + CD29 + T cells in rat and human peripheral blood with DAI score (r rat = 0.712, r human = 0.677, P < 0.01), and MPO in colon (r rat = 0.514, r human = 0.682, P < 0.05). These results suggest that CD4 + CD29 + T cells may act as major effector cell subsets in persistent inflammatory responses for UC and that infiltration into colon inflammation may be induced by the combination of VCAM-1 and CD29.