Prevalência de anemia em pré-escolares e resposta ao tratamento com suplementação de ferro

Juliana T. Costa, Mario M. Bracco, Paulo A. P. Gomes, Ricardo Q. Gurgel
2011 Jornal de Pediatria  
Objectives: To assess the prevalence of anemia among children attending public preschools in Ilhabela, state of São Paulo, Brazil, and their response to a treatment regimen. Methods: Between 2007 and 2008, the weight, height, and hemoglobin levels of 667 children were measured in the school setting. Anemic children were prescribed a 12-week course of ferrous sulfate, and follow-up assessment visits were scheduled for halfway through this course and the end of treatment. Results: The prevalence
more » ... ts: The prevalence of anemia was 25.6% (N = 170). The lowest hemoglobin level measured was 9.5 g/dL. Anemia was most prevalent (36%) in children between the ages of 60 and 65 months. Median hemoglobin levels rose to 11.8 g/dL from 10.5 g/dL after treatment; 76% of children recovered from anemia. Conclusion: Screening for anemia in the school setting and prompt therapy, including mid-treatment followup, proved to be an effective strategy for facing this major public health issue. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2011;87(1):76-79: Anemia, schoolchildren, prevalence, hemoglobin meter. Suggested citation: Costa JT, Bracco MM, Gomes PA, Gurgel RQ. Prevalence of anemia among preschoolers and response to iron supplementation. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2011;87(1):76-79.
doi:10.1590/s0021-75572011000100013 pmid:21125135 fatcat:4fin22yidzgc7llamb474zxwji