Uncoordinated long-patch base excision repair at juxtaposed DNA lesions generates a lethal accumulation of double-strand breaks [article]

Kenji Shimada, Barbara Van Loon, Christian B Gerhold, Stephanie Bregenhorn, Verena Hurst, Cleo Tarashev, Gregory Roth, Christian Heinis, Josef Jiricny, Susan M Gasser
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Inhibition of the TOR pathway (TORC2, or Ypk1/2), or the depolymerization of actin filaments results in catastrophic fragmentation of the yeast genome upon exposure to low doses of the radiomimetic drug Zeocin. We find that the accumulation of double-strand breaks (DSB) is not due to altered DSB repair, but by the uncoordinated activity of base excision repair (BER) at Zeocin-modified DNA bases. We inhibit DSB formation by eliminating glycosylases and/or the endonucleases Apn1/2 and Rad1,
more » ... ating these conserved BER enzymes, or events downstream of them, in the conversion of base damage into DSBs. Among DNA polymerases, the reduction of Pol delta, and to a lesser extent Pol epsilon; and Trf4 (a Polbeta-like polymerase), reduces DSB formation. Finally, the BER enzymes, Ogg1 and AP endonuclease, are shown to co-precipitate with actin from yeast extracts and as purified proteins, suggesting that actin may interfere directly with the repair of Zeocin-induced damage.
doi:10.1101/2020.11.15.383513 fatcat:ll7okvsf3rdvlfzuntjnmbgxfi