Knowledge, Attitude and Beliefs of College Students in Baghdad and Mousel / Iraq about AIDS

Sulaf Hussain
2009 Medical Journal of Babylon   unpublished
The problem of AIDS is being increasingly recognized in the Middle East, and as the disease is fatal and incurable it is important to spread health education messages about prevention and control of the disease which depends mainly on knowledge of mode of transmission of the infectious agent and how to prevent it. Aim: This study aims to identify the level of college students' knowledge and attitudes about the disease and to find out some of their beliefs about it. Methods: this is a cross
more » ... onal survey conducted in Baghdad and Mousel among College students as a representative of the educated young adult, males and females. The study sample included 594 students from the 2 nd , third and 4 th year. Questions included knowledge about transmission of the disease, and the way to prevent its occurrence, and their beliefs about the most risky group to be infected with that disease and what is their attitude towards infected people. Results: rate for correct response on 70% of questions about knowledge of mode of transmission of the disease was 42.4%. Knowledge of transmission by shared drug injection was 83.3%, by blood 94.4% and by sex 97.3%. As for prevention, 48.5% answered correctly for more than 75% of questions. 97.6% knew that it is prevented by avoiding illegitimate sex, 97.1% said by examination of donated blood and 92.4% said by using disposable syringes. The students believed that the risky group to be infected is women of infected person (82.8%), men who have illegitimate sex (94.9%) and medical and health personnel (62.9%). As for the attitude towards infected people 71.5% of respondents accepted within the community without being isolated in especial places. The source of the students' knowledge was from TV and private readings. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﻼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺇﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﺴﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﻭل‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺯﺩﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻲ‬ , ‫ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺤﺩﻭﺜﻪ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻜﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺸﻔﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﻭﻟﻐﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﻴﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﻭﻯ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﺍ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺨﺼﻭﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺘﻭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺠﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻫﺩﻑ‬ : ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓ‬ ‫ﺍﺨﺘﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻌﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻤﺘﻼﺯﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺎﻤﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ : ‫ﺒﻐﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻤﺩﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺭﻴﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﻘﻁﻌﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺍﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻭﺼل‬ ‫ﻜﻼ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﺜﻘﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻴﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻤﺜﻠﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻁﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺘﻀﻤﻨﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﻥ‬ , ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﺠﻡ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬ 594 ‫ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﺤل‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺎﻟﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻁﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺜﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺔ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺎﻟﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺭﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺴﺘﺒﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺸﻤل‬ ‫ﺘﺠﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻴﻭﻟﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﺼﺎﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﺘﻘﺩﺍﺘﻬﻡ‬ ‫ﺤﻭل‬ ‫ﺃﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺫﻟﻙ‬ ‫ﻤﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺒﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﻀﻰ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺌﺞ‬ : ‫ﺼﺤﻴﺤ‬ ‫ﺒﺼﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﺠﺎﺒﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻠﻐﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ 70 % ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺒﻁﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺴﺌﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬) 42.4 (% ‫ﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﻜﺎﻨﺕ‬ ، ‫ﻤﺭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺩﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻥ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻨﺘﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻓﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻠﺒﺔ‬ 83.3 % ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎﺭﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ، 97.3 % ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ 94.4 .% ‫ﻗﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ 97.6 % ‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺍﺴﻁﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻥ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻌﻼﻗﺎﺕ‬ 97.1 % ‫ﺘﻌﺭﻓﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻭﻗﺎﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻤﻬﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﻜﻁﺭﻴﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺭﻴﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻌﻁﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﺤﺹ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ 92.4 % ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻴﺫﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﻘﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺴﺘﺨﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﻭﺠﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻭﺍ‬. ‫ﺍﻟﺫﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺭﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺩ‬ 2009-‫ﻭﺍﻟﺭﺍﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺩﺩ‬-‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺩ‬-‫ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﺒل‬ ‫ﻤﺠﻠﺔ‬ 528 ‫ﻟﻠﺨﻁﻭﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻋﺭﻀﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻜﺜﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﻡ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺠﻨﺱ‬ ‫ﺸﺭﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺭ‬ ‫ﻤﻤﺎﺭﺴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻟﺩﻴﻬﻡ‬ 94.9 % ‫ﺒﺎﻟﻤﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺹ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻭﺠﺎﺕ‬) 82.8 (% ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻠﻴﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﺠﺎل‬) 26.9 .(% ‫ﺍﻟﺨﺎﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻁﺎﻟﻌﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻷﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﻫﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻁﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﻤﻌﻠﻭﻤﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻤﺼﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻜﺎﻥ‬. ‫ــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــــ‬
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