The Role of the Auger Mechanism in the Radiation Damage of Insulators

Jacques Cazaux
1995 Microscopy Microanalysis Microstructures  
2014 The ionization damage associated with electron and X-ray irradiation of insulating specimens during their investigation by various techniques (EM, AES, XPS, etc) is considered from the point of view of the Auger mechanism. This damage results from the Auger electron transport through the specimen and more specifically from the Auger cascade in the excited atom. After electronic rearrangements, this cascade finally leaves electron vacancies in the uppermost allowed states of the valence
more » ... of the valence band. It is shown that these vacancies may explain various experimental results such as the stimulated desorption of ionic species in halides and oxides as well as the atomic displacements in covalent crystals. A possible way to quantify these effects is shown for the case of X-ray irradiation and for the case of electron irradiation. In the two cases, the correlation between the microscopic mechanisms and their macroscopic consequences, from the point of view of charging effects, is pointed out for the first time. Finally various positive aspects of these effects are outlined. They concern some new methods of characterization and of elaboration in materials science.
doi:10.1051/mmm:1995125 fatcat:pcg6lnmsozhu7lt57qv2crtvmy