Cache-Oblivious Algorithms

Matteo Frigo, Charles E. Leiserson, Harald Prokop, Sridhar Ramachandran
2012 ACM Transactions on Algorithms  
This paper presents asymptotically optimal algorithms for rectangular matrix transpose, FFT, and sorting on computers with multiple levels of caching. Unlike previous optimal algorithms, these algorithms are cache oblivious: no variables dependent on hardware parameters, such as cache size and cache-line length, need to be tuned to achieve optimality. Nevertheless, these algorithms use an optimal amount of work and move data optimally among multiple levels of cache. For a cache with size Z and
more » ... ache-line length L where Z = Ω(L 2 ) the number of cache misses for an m n matrix transpose is Θ(1 + mn=L). The number of cache misses for either an n-point FFT or the sorting of n numbers is Θ(1 + ( n=L)(1 + log Z n)). We also give an Θ(mnp)-work algorithm to multiply an m n matrix by an n p matrix that incurs Θ(1 + ( mn +np+mp)=L+mnp=L p Z) cache faults. We introduce an "ideal-cache" model to analyze our algorithms. We prove that an optimal cache-oblivious algorithm designed for two levels of memory is also optimal for multiple levels and that the assumption of optimal replacement in the ideal-cache model can be simulated efficiently by LRU replacement. We also provide preliminary empirical results on the effectiveness of cache-oblivious algorithms in practice.
doi:10.1145/2071379.2071383 fatcat:pxwflpilbfdvhlu54c42efndly