Alternate approaches to the political economy of endogenous trade liberalization

Robert Edward Baldwin, Richard Edward Baldwin
1996 European Economic Review  
Trade liberalization is puzzling from the perspective of standard political economy models. Why would a government find it optimal to remove protection that it previously found optimal to impose? This paper reviews two types of approaches to answering this question: Approaches that view liberalization driven by strenghtened anti-protection forces, and approaches that view liberalization driven by an erosion of pro-protection forces. JEL class~$cation: F13; Fl5; FlO
doi:10.1016/0014-2921(95)00089-5 fatcat:a32lsz7o2zhn3edkv7llqhic74