A DARK GALAXY IN THE VIRGO CLUSTER IMAGED AT 21-CM [chapter]

R. Minchin, M. J. Disney, J. I. Davies, A. R. Marble, C. D. Impey, P. J. Boyce, D. A. Garcia, M. Grossi, C. A. Jordan, R. H. Lang, S. Roberts, S. Sabatini (+1 others)
ISLAND UNIVERSES  
Dark Matter supposedly dominates the extragalactic, yet no totally dark structure of galactic proportions has ever been convincingly identified. Earlier (Minchin et al. 2005) we suggested that VIRGOHI 21, a 21-cm source we found in the Virgo Cluster at Jodrell Bank using single-dish observations (Davies et al. 2004), was probably such a dark galaxy because of its broad line-width (~ 200 km/s) unaccompanied by any visible gravitational source to account for it. Now we have managed to image
more » ... aged to image VIRGOHI 21 in the neutral-hydrogen line, and indeed we find what appears to be a dark, edge-on, spinning disc with the mass and diameter of a typical spiral galaxy. Moreover the disc has unquestionably interacted with NGC 4254, a luminous spiral with an odd one-armed morphology, but lacking the massive interactor invariably responsible for such a feature. Published numerical models (Vollmer, Huchtmeier & van Driel 2005) of NGC 4254 call for a close interaction ~ 10^8 years ago with a perturber of 10^11 solar masses. This we take as completely independent evidence for the massive nature of VIRGOHI 21.
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-5573-7_15 fatcat:cnb4k43k2zbidcrun4gzgi2vw4