Mantophasmatodea: A New Insect Order with Extant Members in the Afrotropics

K.-D. Klass
2002 Science  
A new insect order, Mantophasmatodea, is described on the basis of museum specimens of a new genus with two species: Mantophasma zephyra gen. et sp. nov. (one female from Namibia) and M. subsolana sp. nov. (one male from Tanzania). This is the first time since 1914 that a newly described extant insect taxon has proved unplaceable within a recognized order. Mantophasmatodeans are apterous carnivores. Their closest phylogenetic relationships may be to Grylloblattodea (ice-crawlers) and/or
more » ... dea (stick insects), but the morphological evidence is ambiguous. Raptophasma Zompro from Baltic amber is assigned to the Mantophasmatodea, demonstrating a wider previous range for the lineage.
doi:10.1126/science.1069397 pmid:11964441 fatcat:ineaeuj3jzelhmdx5gmk623ejq