Isolation of New Strains of Bacteria Able to Synthesize 1,3-Propanediol from Glycerol

Daria Szymanowska-Powałowska, Agnieszka Drożdżyńska, Natalia Remszel
2013 Advances in microbiology  
The natural environment is inhabited by many species that exhibit very specific metabolic activities that may find industrial applications. The aim of the study was to select non-pathogenic cultures of bacteria of the genus Clostridium and lactic acid bacteria able to convert glycerol into 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD). Another aim of this study was to identify the isolates that best produced 1,3-propanediol both from pure and crude glycerol. The most efficient strains identified (Cl. butyricum)
more » ... (Cl. butyricum) were analysed on a bioreactor scale. The aim was to determine temperature conditions on the efficiency and duration of 1,3-PD synthesis. The species Clostridium were identified using amplification of the 16S rRNA coding sequence. A total of 123 isolates (of the genus Clostridium and lactic acid bacteria) were isolated; a vast majority of these were able to synthesize 1,3-PD. The best results were obtained for Cl. butyricum strain DSP1, which was isolated from the rumen of a cow fed with glycerol. The strain efficiency using pure glycerol on bioreactor scale 0.65 mol/mol of glycerol at a temperature of 38˚C and a constant pH of 7.0.
doi:10.4236/aim.2013.32027 fatcat:5p2nlx2sg5eencl6bj5nitiy6m