Brain Computer Interface for Neurodegenerative Person Using Electroencephalogram

Li Junwei, S. Ramkumar, G. Emayavaramban, D. Franklin vinod, M. Thilagaraj, V. Muneeswaran, M. Pallikonda Rajasekaran, V. Venkataraman, Ahmed Faeq Hussein
2019 IEEE Access  
Brain-computer interface (BCI) connects the outside world, in real time and in a natural way, like biological communication system. It facilitates the communication link from the brain to the external world by converting brain thoughts in to control commands to control the external devices, such as wheelchair, keyboard mouse, and other home appliances. Measuring the electrical brain activity by placing electrodes over scalp is called electroencephalogram (EEG). By combining these two
more » ... we are able to create EEG-based BCI. In this paper, we use band power and radial basis function to analyze the signal for four mentally composed tasks to design four states BCI for a neurodegenerative person using EEG. Online study was conducted to analyze the performance of the wheelchair for a neurodegenerative person. The result shows that an overall average classification accuracy of 92.50% and individual tasks with an average classification of 95%, 87.50%, 92.50%, and 95.00% were achieved for the four tasks. The result proves that control commands generated from the EEG signal have the bcapacity to control the intelligent systems. INDEX TERMS Brain computer interface, band power, radial basis function, FRDM-KL25Z.
doi:10.1109/access.2018.2886708 fatcat:fl73fiatjvehzm72pmdm6s5umy