Anti-corruption as one of the key vectors of state policy: world and Russian experience
Противодействие коррупции, как один из ключевых векторов государственной политики: мировой и российский опыт

Roman Alekseev
2020 Journal of Political Research  
The purpose of the article is to study the anti-corruption policy in Russia and abroad, identify and characterize the main anti-corruption strategies. Comparative studies were chosen as the main method of scientific research, and case studies were used to analyze the anti-corruption strategies of a number of countries: the United States, great Britain, Germany, New Zealand, Denmark, Finland, China, Japan and Singapore; in comparison with Russia. The causes of corruption are analyzed, and
more » ... nalyzed, and measures aimed at preventing it are identified. It is hypothesized that only by using various anti-corruption strategies in combination, it is possible to effectively resist corruption. Three main strategies are identified: systematic elimination of the causes of corruption, aimed at reducing the risks and losses from corruption; a strategy of war, based on the use of punitive measures against corrupt officials; a strategy of conscious passivity, when the government does not actually take measures to eliminate corruption. In Russia during the 90's and up to 2008. the strategy of conscious passivity was applied, then we switched to a strategy of systematic elimination of the causes that generate corruption. The theoretical significance of the research results presented in the article is a review of the world and Russian experience in countering corruption and the measures used, and an assessment of their effectiveness in fighting it.
doi:10.12737/2587-6295-2020-38-53 fatcat:hmiccd7fqrhhbiaufaoyvpgice