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Handbook of The Economics of Innovation, Vol. 1
Collective invention occurs when competing organizations share knowledge about the design and development of new technologies. Such exchange and circulation of ideas and practices among communities of inventors was relatively common in the 19 th century, most notably in geographically localized industrial districts. This collective system of innovation was eclipsed in the early and mid-20 th century by the rise to prominence of the large corporate R&D lab. Recent decades, however, have seen thedoi:10.1016/s0169-7218(10)01013-0 fatcat:bacqu3d7tvanjjysd3y4mxrfiy