Tiling a Plane in a Dynamical Process and its Applications to Arrays of Quantum Dots, Drums, and Heat Transfer

O. Cybulski, R. Hołyst
2005 Physical Review Letters  
We present a reaction-diffusion system consisting of N components. The evolution of the system leads to the partition of the plane into cells, each occupied by only one component. For large N, the stationary state becomes a periodic array of hexagonal cells. We present a functional of the densities of the components, which decreases monotonically during the evolution and attains its minimal value in the stationary state. This value is equal to the sum of the first Laplacian eigenvalues for all
more » ... ells. Thus, the resulting partition of the plane is determined by minimization of the sum of the eigenvalues, and not by the minimization of the total perimeter of the cells as in the famous honeycomb problem.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.95.088304 pmid:16196909 fatcat:i2mv23khfvgarktfwjuko6un7a