Artificial Intelligence – Creating the Future in Orthodontics – A Review

Jeyaram Palanivel, Davis D, Dilip Srinivasan, Sushil Chakravarthi N.C., Priya Kalidass, Shreya Kishore, Suvetha S
2021 Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences  
With the search for a smarter, faster, and technological ways of getting things accomplished, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is developing at a faster pace. The technology has become a part of daily life, where the blend of human intelligence and machine learning has reached heights in various fields of science and technology. The machine simulates the human intelligence and improves their abilities with the help of self-adapting algorithms. Artificial intelligence has provided many benefits in
more » ... rious fields, particularly in medicine, where it plays a major role in the advancement of the medical field, ranging from virtual assistants to creating a better diagnosis and treatment using accumulated patient data. In orthodontics, the treatment focuses on altering the occlusion, controlling the development of dentoalveolar components and growth abnormalities. An effective assessment of these problems enables in determining the need for treatment and to prioritize it. Precise diagnosis, offering relevant and complete information is a key to a successful practice in orthodontics. Of late artificial intelligence is applied in orthodontics in decision making and planning effective treatment outcomes. Artificial intelligence is useful in simulation of various clinical scenarios in the three-essential sequence - diagnosis, treatment planning and treatment, which is efficient enough in reducing the workload, time and also increases the accuracy and monitoring. In no ways artificial intelligence can replace the dentist because clinical practice is not just about the diagnosis and treatment plan. So, humans should have a basic understanding on artificial intelligence models to assist in clinical judgement and not to replace the knowledge and expertise of humans. KEY WORDS Artificial intelligence, Machine Learning, Artificial Neural Network, Orthodontics, Review
doi:10.14260/jemds/2021/431 fatcat:hdm6awr2vzevvjtbi4zy4fru6a