Study of Shape Memory and Tensile Property of 3D Printed Sinusoidal Sample/Nylon Composite Focused on Various Thicknesses and Shape Memory Cycles

Shahbaj Kabir, Sunhee Lee
2020 Polymers  
This study evaluated the shape memory and tensile property of 3D-printed sinusoidal sample/nylon composite for various thickness and cycles. Sinusoidal pattern of five thicknesses: 0.2 mm, 0.4 mm, 0.6 mm, 0.8 mm, and 1.0 mm were 3D-printed on nylon fabric by the fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printer using shape memory thermoplastic polyurethane (SMTPU). Afterward, shape memory and tensile property was investigated up to 50 shape memory cycles. The study found that 3D-printed sinusoidal
more » ... nted sinusoidal sample/nylon composite had a 100% shape recovery ratio for various thicknesses up to 50 cycles. The average shape recovery rate gradually decreased from 3.0°/s to 0.7°/s whereas the response time gradually increased with the increase of a 3D-printed pattern thickness. The stress and initial modulus gradually increased with the increase of the cycle's number. Thus, the shape memory property had a similar tendency for various cycles whereas the tensile property gradually increased with the increase of the cycle number. Moreover, this study demonstrated that this 3D-printed sinusoidal sample/nylon composite can go through more than 50 cycles without losing its tensile or shape memory property. This 3D-printed sinusoidal sample/nylon composite has vast potential as smart, reinforced, and protective clothing that requires complex three-dimensional shapes.
doi:10.3390/polym12071600 pmid:32708407 fatcat:2wh3tkwbx5dvjgrjbkqynoinai