Knocking-out matrix metalloproteinase-13 exacerbates rotator cuff muscle fatty infiltration
Muscles Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Rotator cuff (RC) tears are common tendon injuries. Clinically, both muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration have generally been attributed to poor functional outcomes. Matrix metalloproteinase-13 plays a crucial role in extracellular matrix remodeling in many physiological and pathological processes. Nevertheless, its role in rotator cuff muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration remains unknown. The purpose of this study is to define the functional role of MMP-13 in rotator cuff muscle atrophy and
... muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration using a mouse RC tears model. Materials and methods: Unilateral complete supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendon transection and suprascapular nerve transection was performed on nine of MMP-13 (-/-) knockout and nine of MMP-13 (+/+) wildtype mice at 3 months old. Mice were sacrificed 6 weeks after surgery. Supraspinatus (SS) and infraspinatus (IS) muscles were harvested for histology and gene expression analysis with RT-PCR. Results: Six weeks after RC surgery, no significant difference in muscle atrophy and fibrosis between MMP-13 knockout and wild type mice was observed. However, there was a significant increase in the amount of fatty infiltration in MMP-13 knockout mice compared to the wild types. Muscles from MMP-13 knockout mice have significantly higher expression of fatty infiltration related genes. Discussion: Results from this study suggest that MMP-13 plays a crucial role in rotator cuff muscle fatty degeneration. This novel finding suggests a new molecular mechanism that governs RC muscle FI and MMP-13 may serve as a target for therapeutics to treat muscle FI after RC tears. KEY WORDS: rotator cuff tear, matrix metalloproteinase-13, muscle, fatty infiltration.