Overexpressed lipoprotein lipase protects against atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E knockout mice

H Yagyu, S Ishibashi, Z Chen, J Osuga, M Okazaki, S Perrey, T Kitamine, M Shimada, K Ohashi, K Harada, F Shionoiri, N Yahagi (+3 others)
1999 Journal of Lipid Research  
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is known to play a crucial role in lipoprotein metabolism by hydrolyzing triglycerides; however its role in atherogenesis has yet to be determined. We have previously shown that low density lipoprotein receptor knockout mice overexpressing LPL are resistant to diet-induced atherosclerosis due to the suppression of remnant lipoproteins. Plasma lipoproteins and atherosclerosis of apolipoprotein (apo) E knockout mice which overexpress the human LPL transgene (LPL/APOEKO)
more » ... re compared with those of control apoE knockout mice (APOEKO). On a normal chow diet, LPL/APOEKO mice showed marked suppression of the plasma triglyceride levels compared with APOEKO mice (54 vs. 182 mg/dl), but no significant changes in plasma cholesterol and apoB levels. Non-high density lipoproteins (HDL) from LPL/APOEKO mice had lower triglyceride content, a smaller size, and a more positive charge compared with those from APOEKO mice. Cholesterol, apoA-I, and apoA-IV were increased in HDL. Although both groups developed hypercholesterolemia to a comparable degree in response to an atherogenic diet, the LPL/APOEKO mice developed 2-fold smaller fatty streak lesions in the aortic sinus compared to the APOEKO mice. In conclusion, overproduction of LPL is protective against atherosclerosis even in the absence of apoE.
pmid:10484615 fatcat:a4uxtuqel5g4haahi2vrbjto3u