Endophytes are Plant Helpers: An Overview

S. Rukshana Begum, K.S. Tamilselvi
2016 International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences  
Nearly all the plants that exist in the world were found to be associated with endophyte. Usually, interaction between plants and microbes leads to disease in plants. But only a few communities of microbes act as pathogens and information regarding their interaction is insufficient. A new term endophyte has been established to represent the microbes that are residing in plant tissues without causing harmful effects to the host plant. Since they have the ability to produce active biochemicals
more » ... ive biochemicals and genetic interaction with their host plant, more attention was paid towards the endophytes research. Many reports were published based on isolation and identification of endophytes, screening of bioactive compounds produced and their role in protecting host plant, etc. Based on the current reports, this review was framed to show how the endophytes interact with the host and promote its beneficial effects. K e y w o r d s Endophytes, Secondary metabolites, Plant physiology, Diseases.
doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2016.504.050 fatcat:w7k65ln6azc6tpx6e6ho3lxspq