Effect of Dynamic Circuit Pressures Monitoring on the Lifespan of Extracorporeal Circuit and the Efficiency of Solute Removal During Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy
Objective: To observe the effects of dynamic pressure monitoring on the lifespan of the extracorporeal circuit and the efficiency of solute removal during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT).Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was performed at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University in the intensive care unit. Analyses of the downloaded pressure data recorded by CRRT machines and the solute removal efficiencies, calculated by 2*Ce/(Cpre+Cpost), where Ce, Cpre
... t), where Ce, Cpre and Cpost are the concentrations of the effluent, pre-filter blood, and post-filter blood, respectively, were performed. Samples were collected at 0, 2, 6, 12, 24 h after the initiation of CRRT. We measured the concentrations of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and β2-microglobulin in the plasma and effluent.Results: Extracorporeal circuits characterized by moderate-severe (M-S) access outflow dysfunction (AOD) events, defined as access outflow pressure less than or equal to -200 mm Hg more than 5mins, had shorter lifespans with no anticoagulation (17.6±11.2 h vs. 35.1±17.1 h, P=0.001) or with regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) (40.3±22.2 h vs. 55.9±21.7 h, P=0.016). Moreover, Cox regression analysis revealed that the lack of moderate-severe AOD events, RCA, or continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) independently prolonged the circuit lifespan. All tested solutes removal efficiencies started to decline at 12h. Furthermore, efficiencies of all solutes removal dropped obviously at 24h when TMP≥ 150mmHg.Conclusion: RCA and CVVHDF predicted a longer circuit lifespan. Moderate-severe AOD events were associated with a shorter circuit lifespan when RCA or no anticoagulation was used. Replacement of extracorporeal circuit might be considered if TMP≥ 150mmHg at 24h.