Culturable heterotrophic bacteria from the marine sponge Dendrilla nigra: isolation and phylogenetic diversity of actinobacteria

Joseph Selvin, R. Gandhimathi, G. Seghal Kiran, S. Shanmugha Priya, T. Rajeetha Ravji, T. A. Hema
2009 Helgoland Marine Research  
Culturable heterotrophic bacterial composition of marine sponge Dendrilla nigra was analysed using diVerent enrichments. Five media compositions including without enrichment (control), enriched with sponge extract, with growth regulator (antibiotics), with autoinducers, and complete enrichment containing sponge extract, antibiotics, and autoinducers were developed. DNA hybridization assay was performed to explore host speciWc bacteria and ecotypes of culturable sponge-associated bacteria.
more » ... ment with selective inducers (AHLs and sponge extract) and regulators (antibiotics) considerably enhanced the cultivation potential of sponge-associated bacteria. It was found that Marinobacter (MSI032), Micromonospora (MSI033), Streptomyces (MSI051), and Pseudomonas (MSI057) were sponge-associated obligate symbionts. The present Wndings envisaged that "Micromonospora-Saccharomonospora-Streptomyces" group was the major culturable actinobacteria in the marine sponge D. nigra. The DNA hybridization assay was a reliable method for the analysis of culturable bacterial community in marine sponges. Based on the culturable community structure, the sponge-associated bacteria can be grouped (ecotypes) as general symbionts, speciWc symbionts, habitat Xora, and antagonists.
doi:10.1007/s10152-009-0153-z fatcat:43bw2f7wsvdn5nx34n77klo7fy