Variation of high-power aluminum-wire array Z-pinch dynamics with wire number, load mass, and array radius

T. W. L. Sanford, R. C. Mock, B. M. Marder, T. J. Nash, R. B. Spielman, D. L. Peterson, N. F. Roderick, J. H. Hammer, J. S. De Groot, D. Mosher, K. G. Whitney, J. P. Apruzese
1997 The fourth international conference on dense z-pinches  
A systematic study of annular aluminum-wire z-pinches on the Saturn accelerator shows that the quality of the implosion, (as measured by the radial convergence, the radiated energy, pulse width, and power), increases with wire number. Radiation magnetohydrodynamic (RMHC) xy simulations suggest that the implosion transitions from that of individual wire plasmas to that of a continuous plasma shell when the interwire spacing is reduced below -1.4 mm. In this "plasma-shell regime," many of the
more » ... al radiation and plasma characteristics are in agreement with those simulated by 2D-FWHC rz simulations. In this regime, measured changes in the radiation pulse width with variations in load mass and array radius are consistent with the simulations and are explained by the development of 2D fluid motion in the rz plane. Associated variations in the K-shell yield are qualitatively explained by simple radiation-scaling models. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, m mmendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.
doi:10.1063/1.53920 fatcat:4wxp2b4jvjgsfm7mvybswxriqa