Recent developments in the use of nanoparticles for treatment of biofilms

Chendong Han, Nicholas Romero, Stephen Fischer, Julia Dookran, Aaron Berger, Amber L. Doiron
2017 Nanotechnology Reviews  
AbstractChronic infections have posed a tremendous burden on health care systems worldwide. Approximately 60% of chronic infections are estimated to be related to biofilms, in large part due to the extraordinary antibiotic resistance of biofilm bacteria. Nanoparticle (NP)-based therapies are viable approaches to treat biofilm-associated infections due to NPs' unique chemical and physical properties, granted by their high surface area to volume ratio. The mechanism underlying the anti-biofilm
more » ... ivity of various types of NPs is actively under investigation. Simply comparing biofilm disruption or reduction rates is not adequate to describe the effectiveness of NPs; many other factors need to be taken into account, such as the NP type, bacterial strain, concentration of NPs, quantification methods, and the biofilm culture environment. This review focuses on recent research on the creation, characterization, and evaluation of NPs for the prevention or treatment of biofilm infections.
doi:10.1515/ntrev-2016-0054 fatcat:muu26c44dnflzgw4ljtr5v7dzu