The Roles of Forest in Environment Modification

O.E. Nwafor, S. O. Adepoju, A.G. Jauro, D.U. Mmadu
2012 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
By the late 1990s the environmental problems included the greenhouse effect and global warming, the hole in the ozone layer, acid rain, and the destruction of tropical forests. But whilst the problems appear to be largely physical (environmental), the causes and solution lie more in people's attitude, values and expectation. It is expected that the environment should be all things to all people (It is to be life supporting, it is to be useful, and it is to be beautiful). Unfortunately the
more » ... rtunately the environment cannot meet all these needs at the same time. Cutting trees from large areas (deforestation) without adequate replanting has resulted to almost half of the world's tropical forest being cleared. Each year about 170,000 square kilometers of these forests are cut and equivalent portion is degraded. Within 30-50 years there may be little of these forests left, many of the remaining diverse, old-growth forests are being cleared and replaced with single species tree farms (plantations), greatly reducing wild life habitats and biodiversity. Eliminating or decimating wild species through destruction of habitats, commercial hunting, pest control and pollution. Each year thousands of wild life species become extinct, mostly because of human activities. If habitat destruction continues at present rates, as many as 1.5 million species could disappear over the next 25 years - drastic loss of vital earth capital, polluting renewable air, and water and soil so that they are unusable. This work therefore, x-rayed the benefits of forests to the environment, the concept of environmental sustainability and management of forests to enhance functional environment.
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