The Marital Interaction Coding System-Global(MICS-G): A Validation Study

Woochul Park
2019 Family and Environment Research  
Few studies have utilized observational methods in the field of couple research even though using self-report questionnaires is prone to the subjective biases of the reporter. This study validates the Marital Interaction Coding System-Global (MICS-G), a global version of the well-established microanalytic observational coding system, Marital Interaction Coding System (MICS). Participants in the study consisted of 30 married couples with varied levels of marital adjustment who visited one of the
more » ... visited one of the Healthy Family and Multicultural Family Support Centers in Seoul, either for couple therapy or the "Marriage Checkup"program. Ten-minute problem-solving discussions were rated by two undergraduate student raters who were trained for 10 hours. Interobserver agreement based on percentage agreement and intraclass correlation coefficients showed a high level of agreement between raters in establishing interrater reliability. Convergent validity was established by: correlations among marital adjustment, psychological aggression, mental health, and MICS-G categories of conflicts, validation, invalidation, facilitation, and withdrawal. MICS-G categories also were successful in discriminating between distressed and nondistressed couples, which provides evidence of discriminant validity for MICS-G. This study showed that MICS-G is a promising method for researchers to observe couple interactions in a more cost-effective way. Methodological issues and practical applications are also discussed. Family and Environment Research Retirement 1 (3.2) 0 (0) Religion, n (%) Protestant 9 (29.0) 6 (19.4) Catholic 1 (3.2) 3 (9.7) Buddhist 3 (9.7) 2 (6.5) No religion 16 (51.6) 17 (54.8) Residence, n (%) Seoul 24 (77.4) 23 (74.2) Gyeonggi province 4 (12.9) 4 (12.9) Gangwon province 1 (3.2) 1 (3.2)
doi:10.6115/fer.2019.008 fatcat:mkyb7bmqgnbfve2q5aa6smi5tq