Navigation in Real-World Complex Networks through Embedding in Latent Spaces [chapter]

Xiaomeng Ban, Jie Gao, Arnout van de Rijt
2010 2010 Proceedings of the Twelfth Workshop on Algorithm Engineering and Experiments (ALENEX)  
Small-world experiments in which packages reach addressees unknown to the original sender through a forwarding chain confirm that acquaintance networks have short paths, a property that was later also discovered in many other networks. They further show that people can find these paths by passing the package on to the acquaintance most socially proximate to the target. This has led researchers to conjecture that perhaps also in many other networks some proximity-based algorithm can be used to
more » ... nd short paths, provided that nodes are given appropriate coordinates. Although potential applications are numerous, ranging from decentralized search to recommendation-based trust to disease control, this conjecture has remained largely unverified. In this paper we apply algorithmic methods to embed nodes in some latent space and employ greedy routing to deliver packages. Using these methods we empirically investigate the navigability of five real-world complex networks from diverse contexts and of varying topology. In each network, we deliver a majority of packages in fewer than six hops.
doi:10.1137/1.9781611972900.13 dblp:conf/alenex/BanGR10 fatcat:s76ytlbog5gobhpo4lf446nas4