Seifert surfaces I: a topological approach [chapter]

Akio Kawauchi
1996 A Survey of Knot Theory  
The topological classification of nodal links and knot has enamored physicists and mathematicians alike, both for its mathematical elegance and implications on optical and transport phenomena. Central to this pursuit is the Seifert surface bounding the link/knot, which has for long remained a mathematical abstraction. Here we propose an experimentally realistic setup where Seifert surfaces emerge as boundary states of 4D topological systems constructed by stacking 3D nodal line systems along a
more » ... ne systems along a 4th quasimomentum. We provide an explicit realization with 4D circuit lattices, which are freed from symmetry constraints and are readily tunable due to the dimension and distance agnostic nature of circuit connections. Importantly, their Seifert surfaces can be imaged in 3D via their pronounced impedance peaks, and are directly related to knot invariants like the Alexander polynomial and knot Signature. This work thus unleashes the great potential of Seifert surfaces as sophisticated yet accessible tools in exotic bandstructure studies.
doi:10.1007/978-3-0348-9227-8_5 fatcat:qzn54hsctrcwhk4clgy6tvx6za