Impacts of Leaf Age on Canopy Spectral Signature Variation in Evergreen Chinese Fir Forests

Qiaoli Wu, Conghe Song, Jinling Song, Jindi Wang, Shaoyuan Chen, Bo Yu
2018 Remote Sensing  
Significant gaps exist in our knowledge of the impact of leaf aging on canopy signal variability, which limits our understanding of vegetation status based on remotely sensed data. To understand the effects of leaf aging at the leaf and canopy scales, a combination of field, remote-sensing and physical modeling techniques was adopted to assess the canopy spectral signals of evergreen Cunninghamia forests. We observed an approximately 10% increase in Near-Infrared (NIR) reflectance for new
more » ... tance for new leaves and a 35% increase in NIR transmittance for mature leaves from May to October. When variations in leaf optical properties (LOPs) of only mature leaves, or both new and mature leaves were considered, the Geometric Optical and Radiative Transfer (GORT) model-simulated canopy reflectance trajectory was more consistent with Landsat observations (R 2 increased from 0.37 to 0.82~0.89 for NIR reflectance, and from 0.35 to 0.67~0.88 for EVI2, with a small RMSE (0.01 to 0.02)). This study highlights the importance of leaf age on leaf spectral signatures, and provides evidence of age-dependent LOPs that have important impacts on canopy reflectance in the NIR band and EVI2, which are used to monitor canopy dynamics and productivity, with important implications for RS and forest ecosystem ecology.
doi:10.3390/rs10020262 fatcat:5w7akdckzzgfznzbzsqyatu55a