Late Neolithic cultural elements from the Danube and Carpathian regions of Precucuteni – Trypillia A culture
Basic concepts of the problems of the origins of Precucuteni -Trypillia A In archaeology special attention was paid to the origins of Precucuteni -Trypillia A culture, which is still quite controversial. Materials from Precucuteni culture were discovered in 1936 at Izvoare (level 1). Radu Vulpe supposed that the main role in the formation of Precucuteni was played by Bojan-Giulesti culture, and this event was connected with the area between the Carpathians and the Dneister (Floresti I site)
... loresti I site) (Vulpe 1957.111-120). Ion Nestor attributed a primary role in the formation of Precucuteni to LBK traditions (Nestor 1951. 22-23). Excavations in Carpathian Moldova were of special importance in this problem (Traian-Dealul Viei, Traian-Dealul Fintinilor) in the 1950's. After it Vladimir Dumitrescu divided Precucuteni culture into stages I, II, III, and considered that Precucuteni I appeared as result of a connection of a few cultural components. The main component, he thought, was LBK (Linear Band Pottery) with the participation of Boian-Giulesti culture; he also mentioned the Hamangia and Bug-Dnister cultures (Dumitrescu 1963) . Later, he wrote about the assimilation of the BDC (Bug-Dniester Culture) population by Precucuteni III tribes to the East (Dumitrescu 1973.304). Hortensia Dumitrescu supposed the relations of the late LBK with Precucuteni, based on materials from ABSTRACT -The relations of Precucuteni -Trypillia A cultures with the cultures of the Late Neolithic/Early Eneolithic of South-Eastern Europe were primarily determined by two factors: origin and cultural contacts. Ideas about Precucuteni -Trypillia A formation appeared sixty years ago on the basis of typology and stratigraphy. The first part of the twentieth century was marked by numerous investigations of Neolithic cultures in South-Eastern Europe and excavations of Trypillia A sites in Ukraine. First, we present these materials. Precucuteni-Trypillia A complex was a multi-component formation which included components of different Southern and Western components originating from different cultures from the wide Balkan-Carpathian area. At different stages of Trypillia, some directions of contact became more important than others. IZVLE∞EK -Odnosi med kulturami Precucuteni -Trypillia A s kulturami poznega neolitika/zgodnjega eneolitika v jugovzhodni Evropi se dolo≠ajo predvsem na podlagi dveh faktorjev: izvora in kulturnih stikov. Ideje o oblikovanju Precucuteni -Trypillia A so se pojavili pred 60 leti na osnovi tipologije in stratigrafije. Za prvo polovico 20. stoletja so bile zna≠ilne ∏tevilne raziskave neolitskih kultur v jugovzhodni Evropi in izkopavanja najdi∏≠ obdobja Trypillia A v Ukrajini. Najprej predstavljamo ta material. Precucuteni -Trypillia A kompleks je ve≠komponentna formacija, ki vklju≠uje razli≠ne ju∫ne in zahodne komponente, ki izvirajo iz razli≠nih kultur iz ∏ir∏ega balkansko-karpatskega po-dro≠ja. V razli≠nih stopnjah kulture Trypillia so nekatere smeri kontaktov postale bolj pomembne kot druge.