Shape-aware Meta-learning for Generalizing Prostate MRI Segmentation to Unseen Domains [article]

Quande Liu, Qi Dou, Pheng-Ann Heng
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Model generalization capacity at domain shift (e.g., various imaging protocols and scanners) is crucial for deep learning methods in real-world clinical deployment. This paper tackles the challenging problem of domain generalization, i.e., learning a model from multi-domain source data such that it can directly generalize to an unseen target domain. We present a novel shape-aware meta-learning scheme to improve the model generalization in prostate MRI segmentation. Our learning scheme roots in
more » ... he gradient-based meta-learning, by explicitly simulating domain shift with virtual meta-train and meta-test during training. Importantly, considering the deficiencies encountered when applying a segmentation model to unseen domains (i.e., incomplete shape and ambiguous boundary of the prediction masks), we further introduce two complementary loss objectives to enhance the meta-optimization, by particularly encouraging the shape compactness and shape smoothness of the segmentations under simulated domain shift. We evaluate our method on prostate MRI data from six different institutions with distribution shifts acquired from public datasets. Experimental results show that our approach outperforms many state-of-the-art generalization methods consistently across all six settings of unseen domains.
arXiv:2007.02035v1 fatcat:znalvflcqze27ishmhepojgufu