Characterization of Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein-5 (IGFBP-5) Gene and Its Potential Roles in Ontogenesis in the Pacific Abalone, Haliotis discus hannai
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein family is known to be involved in regulating biological actions of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). In the present study, a full-length cDNA encoding the IGFBP-5 gene was cloned and characterized from the cerebral ganglion of Haliotis discus hannai. The 921-bp full-length sequence of Hdh IGFBP-5 cDNA transcript had an open reading frame of 411 bp encoding a predicted polypeptide of 136 amino acids, sharing high sequence identities with IGFBP-5 of H.
... diversicolor. The deduced Hdh IGFBP-5 protein contained a putative transmembrane domain (13-35 aa) in the N-terminal region. It also possessed a signature domain of IGFBP protein family (IB domain, 45-120 aa). Six cysteine residues (Cys-47, Cys-55, Cys-73, Cys-85, Cys-98, and Cys-118) in this cloned sequence could potentially form an intrachain disulfide bond. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the Hdh IGFBP-5 gene was robustly clustered with IGFBP-5 of H. diversicolor. Tissue distribution analysis based on qPCR assay showed that Hdh IGFBP-5 was widely expressed in all examined tissues, with significantly (p < 0.05) higher expression in the cerebral ganglion. In male and female gametogenetic cycles, Hdh IGFBP-5 mRNA was expressed at all stages, showing significantly higher level at ripening stage. The expression level of Hdh IGFBP-5 mRNA was significantly higher in the polar body stage than in other ontogenic stages. In situ hybridization revealed that Hdh IGFBP-5 mRNA was present in the neurosecretory cells of the cerebral ganglion. This is the first study describing IGFBP-5 in H. discus hannai that might be synthesized in the neural ganglia. Our results demonstrate Hdh IGFBP-5 is involved in regulating ontogenic development and reproductive regulation of H. discus hannai.