The Effect of Five Weeks of Basic Military Training on Physical Fitness and Blood Biochemical Factors in Obese Military Recruits Just Conscripted into the Army

Sang Gook Seo, Se Hwan Park, Jin-Hwan Yoon, Byeong-Wan Kim, Hyunseok Jee
2020 Exercise Science  
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 5 weeks of basic military training on the physical fitness and blood biochemical factors in obese military recruits.METHODS: Forty-eight male recruits (20-25 years of age) were randomly assigned to the Control group and Exercise group. Both groups completed 5 weeks of basic military training. The Exercise group additionally performed a resistance exercise twice daily in the morning and afternoon (1-3 sets, 3 days per week) and
more » ... power walking (60-80% HRmax, 30 minutes) four times weekly. Four body composition variables, physical fitness factors, serum lipid profiles, and obesity-related hormone levels were analyzed.RESULTS: Body weight, body fat ratio, body mass index, and waist circumference were significantly decreased in both groups between pre- and post-exercise tests (<i>p</i><.01). However, no changes in these parameters were observed between the Control and Exercise groups. Twenty-meter shuttle running and maximal oxygen uptake were significantly increased post exercise (<i>p</i><.001). Total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein levels were significantly decreased in both (Control and Exercise) post-exercise tests (<i>p</i><.05). Leptin in both groups was significantly decreased; however, ghrelin showed a reverse pattern (<i>p</i><.01). A significantly changed maximal oxygen uptake value via training was noted in both groups (<i>p</i><.001). The time and interaction between the groups and the time were also significantly affected (<i>p</i><.001).CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that an additional exercise-training program with the basic military training plays an important role in improving military fitness and combat power.
doi:10.15857/ksep.2020.29.2.154 fatcat:cf63pwrctjctzdxt23i65shs4m