A FUZZY RULE-BASED EXPERT SYSTEM FOR ASTHMA SEVERITY IDENTIFICATION IN EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT

Nurul Atikah Mohd Sharif, Norazura Ahmad, Nazihah Ahmad, Wan Laailatul Hanim Mat Desa, Khaled Mohamed Helmy, Wei Chern Ang, Ida Zaliza Zainol Abidin
2019 Journal of Information and Communication Technology  
A fuzzy rule-based expert system for asthma severity identification in emergency department. ABSTRACT The emergency department (ED) of a hospital is an important unit that deals with time-sensitive and life-threatening medical cases. Rapid treatment and accuracy in diagnosis are considered the main characteristics of excellent operational processes in ED. However, in reality, long waiting time and uncertainty in the diagnosis has affected the quality of ED services. Nonetheless, these problems
more » ... ss, these problems can be improved by utilising computing technologies that assist medical professionals to make fast and accurate decisions. This paper investigates the issues of under-treatment and uncertainty condition of acute asthma cases in ED. A novel approach, known as the fuzzy logic principle is employed to determine the severity of acute asthma. The fuzzy set theory, known as Fuzzy Rule-based Expert System for Asthma Severity (FRESAS) determination is embedded into the expert system (ES) to assess the severity of asthma among patients in ED. The proposed fuzzy methodology effectively 416 manages the fuzziness of the patient's information data, and determines the subjective judgment of medical practitioners' level on eight criteria assessed in severity determination. Knowledge acquisition and representation, fuzzification, fuzzy inference engine, and defuzzification are the processes tested by the FRESAS development that incorporates expert advice. The system evaluation is performed by using datasets that were extracted from the ED clerking notes from one of the hospitals in Northern Peninsular Malaysia. System evaluation demonstrates that the proposed system performs efficiently in determining the severity of acute asthma. Furthermore, the proposed system offers opportunities for further research on other types of diseases in ED, and improves other hybridisation approaches.
doi:10.32890/jict2019.18.4.2 fatcat:ce52p3px5vg4bnawqldp334fl4