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The purpose of this study was to examine if and how Japanese canine welfare has improved in the past several decades. I had two possible scenarios: A steady and monotonic improvement or an inverted U-shaped welfare change. The difference in these scenarios was attributed to how I supposed that animals' status changed. I included the influence of status on canine welfare in my investigations by using complete domestic dog data from the period when the status of canines changed. I empiricallydoi:10.33774/coe-2020-6ff09 fatcat:ddibvw3eifenbctrrureq3ad6e