Effect of Odor-Treatment Biofilter on Bioaerosols from an Indoor Wastewater Treatment Plant

Amélia Bélanger Cayouette, Arthur Ouradou, Marc Veillette, Nathalie Turgeon, Paul B. L. George, Stéphane Corbin, Christian Boulanger, Caroline Duchaine, Emilie Bédard
2022 Atmosphere  
Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are confirmed sources of bioaerosols and can be a hotspot for both antibiotic-resistant bacteria and antibiotic-resistant genes (ARGs). Bioaerosols can be a source of dispersion for bacteria and ARGs into the environment. Biofiltration is one of the most effective technologies to mitigate odors from WWTPs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the capacity of an odor biofiltration system designed to remove volatile compounds, to influence the airborne
more » ... cterial diversity and to reduce the aerosolized microbial and ARG concentrations. In total, 28 air samples were collected before and after treatment of an interior WWTP. Overall, air samples collected upstream had higher total bacterial concentrations, and a shift in bacterial diversity was observed. Legionella and Mycobacterium were detected in low abundance upstream and downstream, whereas Legionella pneumophila was detected but not quantifiable in two samples. Of the 31 ARGs and mobile genetic elements detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, 15 exhibited a significant reduction in their relative abundance after biofiltration, and none were significantly higher in the effluent. Overall, these results show the benefits of odor biofiltration systems to reduce bacterial and antimicrobial resistance in treated air, a promising application to limit environmental dispersion.
doi:10.3390/atmos13101723 fatcat:xqgu7qsls5dynjw46hsp2w7t7y