Ferroelectric Phase Transition in Cu-doped BaTiO3 Crystals

A. Ouedraogo, K. Palm, G. Chanussot
2009 Journal of Scientific Research  
The paper examines the ferroelectric-paraelectric phase transition in Cu:BaTiO 3 single crystals. Using thermo-currents and dielectric measurements, we found for pure samples the phase transition temperature to be close to Curie temperature (T c =120°C) with an anisotropy of the dielectric constantε.The lowering of temperature T m , corresponding to the maximum of pyroelectric signal, with the increase of concentration of impurities is confirmed by measurements of ε. Moreover, the ε(T) curves
more » ... ow progressive broadening as well as higher peak with the increase of impurity concentration, and the transition becomes more and more diffuse. The same effect occurs when the samples are subjected to a laser irradiation (λ=5145Ǻ). During annealing, crystals lose copper and T m is thereafter observed to increase again. BaTiO 3 is a displacive ferroelectric (having high permittivity k-values) which undergoes a first order phase transition. Ions substitutions have an effect on the lattice dynamics attributed to charge transfer to Ti and a lowering of elastic forces in BaTiO 3 .
doi:10.3329/jsr.v1i2.1876 fatcat:rhxkalgaerfvtpnkrjniwlrpaq