The Nuclear Receptor Coactivator AIB1 Mediates Insulin-like Growth Factor I-induced Phenotypic Changes in Human Breast Cancer Cells

Annabell Oh, Heinz-Joachim List, Ronald Reiter, Aparna Mani, Ying Zhang, Edmund Gehan, Anton Wellstein, Anna T. Riegel
2004 Cancer Research  
The nuclear receptor coactivator AIB1 (amplified in breast cancer 1) is overexpressed in human breast cancers and is required for estrogen signaling. However, the role of AIB1 in breast cancer etiology is not known. Here, we show that AIB1 is rate-limiting for insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I)-dependent phenotypic changes and gene expression in human breast cancer cells. Reduction of endogenous AIB1 levels by small interfering RNA in MCF-7 breast cancer cells prevented IGF-I-stimulated
more » ... age-independent growth by reducing IGF-I-dependent antianoikis. cDNA array and immunoblot analysis of gene expression revealed that reduction in AIB1 levels led to a significant decrease in the expression of several genes controlling the cell cycle and apoptosis. These AIB1dependent changes were also observed in the presence of estrogen antagonist and were corroborated in the estrogen receptor-negative cell line MDA MB-231. AIB1 reduction decreased the expression of the IGF-I receptor and IRS-1 in MCF-7 but not in MDA MB-231 cells. IGF-Istimulated activation of AKT was reduced by AIB1 small interfering RNA treatment, whereas mitogen-activated protein kinase (extracellular signalregulated kinase 1/2) activation by IGF-I was unaffected. We conclude that AIB1 is required for IGF-I-induced proliferation, signaling, cell survival, and gene expression in human breast cancer cells, independent of its role in estrogen receptor signaling.
doi:10.1158/0008-5472.can-04-0354 pmid:15548698 fatcat:lvhvhlf5xbb2fdmr3diclkhf3u