Laboratory evaluation of the effect of nitric acid uptake on frost point hygrometer performance

T. Thornberry, T. Gierczak, R. S. Gao, H. Vömel, L. A. Watts, J. B. Burkholder, D. W. Fahey
2010 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions  
Chilled mirror hygrometers (CMH) are widely used to measure water vapour in the troposphere and lower stratosphere from balloon-borne sondes. Systematic discrepancies among in situ water vapour instruments have been observed at low water vapour mixing ratios (<5 ppm) in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UT/LS). Understanding the source of the measurement discrepancies is important for a more accurate and reliable determination of water vapour abundance in this region. We have
more » ... ion. We have conducted a laboratory study to investigate the potential interference of gas-phase nitric acid (HNO 3 ) with the measurement of frost point temperature, and consequently the water vapour mixing ratio, determined by CMH under conditions representative of operation in the UT/LS. No detectable interference in the measured frost point temperature was found for HNO 3 mixing ratios of up to 4 ppb for exposure times up to 150 min. HNO 3 was observed to co-condense on the mirror frost, with the adsorbed mass increasing linearly with time at constant exposure levels. Over the duration of a typical balloon sonde ascent (90-120 min), the maximum accumulated HNO 3 amounts were comparable to monolayer coverage of the geometric mirror surface area, which corresponds to only a small fraction of the actual frost layer surface area. This small amount of co-condensed HNO 3 is consistent with the observed lack of HNO 3 interference in the frost point measurement because the CMH utilizes significant reductions (>10%) in surface reflectivity by the condensate to determine H 2 O. Correspondence to: T. Thornberry (troy.thornberry@noaa.gov)
doi:10.5194/amtd-3-3725-2010 fatcat:ybvairgpanfg3jkrlbmb6ixxze