Rubella virus cDNA. Sequence and expression of E1 envelope protein
Journal of Biological Chemistry
A cDNA clone encoding the entire E1 envelope protein (410 amino acid residues) and a portion of the C-terminal end of the E2 envelope protein of the rubella virus has been isolated and characterized. DNA sequence analysis has revealed a region 20 nucleotides in length at the 3' end of the cloned cDNA which may be a replicase recognition site or a recognition site for encapsidation. The proteolytic cleavage site between the E1 and E2 proteins was localized based on the known amino-terminal
... ce of the isolated E1 protein (Kalkkinen, N., Oker-Blom, C., and Pettersson, R. F. (1984) J. Gen. Virol. 65, 1549-1557) and the deduced amino acid sequence. The mature E1 protein is preceded by a set of 20 highly hydrophobic amino acid residues possessing characteristics of a signal peptide. This "signal peptide" is flanked on both sides by typical protease cleavage sites for trypsin-like enzyme and signal peptidase. The presence of a leader sequence in the E1 protein precursor may facilitate its translocation through the host cell membrane. The E1 protein of rubella virus shows no significant homology with alphavirus E1 envelope proteins. However, a stretch of 39 amino acids in the E1 protein of rubella virus (residues 262-300) was found to share a significant homology with the first 39 residues of bovine sperm histone. The position of 4 half-cystines and 8 arginines overlaps. The E1 protein of rubella virus has been successfully expressed in COS cells after transfecting them with rubella virus cDNA in simian virus 40-derived expression vector. This protein is antigenically similar to the one expressed by cells infected with rubella virus.