A Simple Approach for Counting CD4+ T Cells Based on a Combination of Magnetic Activated Cell Sorting and Automated Cell Counting Methods

Ngoc Duc Vo, Anh Thi Van Nguyen, Hoi Thi Le, Nam Hoang Nguyen, Huong Thi Thu Pham
2021 Applied Sciences  
Frequent tests for CD4+ T cell counting are important for the treatment of patients with immune deficiency; however, the routinely used fluorescence-activated cell-sorting (FACS) gold standard is costly and the equipment is only available in central hospitals. In this study, we developed an alternative simple approach (shortly named as the MACS-Countess system) for CD4+ T cell counting by coupling magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) to separate CD4+ T cells from blood, followed by counting
more » ... e separated cells using CountessTM, an automated cell-counting system. Using the cell counting protocol, 25 µL anti-CD4 conjugated magnetic nanoparticles (NP-CD4, BD Bioscience) were optimized for separating CD4+ T cells from 50 µL of blood in PBS using a DynamagTM-2 magnet, followed by the introduction of 10 µL separated cells into a CountessTM chamber slide for automated counting of CD4+ T cells. To evaluate the reliability of the developed method, 48 blood samples with CD4+ T cell concentrations ranging from 105 to 980 cells/µL were analyzed using both MACS-Countess and FACS. Compared with FACS, MACS-Countess had a mean bias of 3.5% with a limit of agreement (LoA) ranging from −36.4% to 43.3%, which is close to the reliability of the commercial product, PIMA analyzer (Alere), reported previously (mean bias 0.2%; LoA ranging from −42% to 42%, FACS as reference). Further, the MACS-Countess system requires very simple instruments, including only a magnet and an automated cell counter, which are affordable for almost every lab located in a limited resource region.
doi:10.3390/app11219786 fatcat:5ez55hlhabdmtodvxzdsocj5hq