Chitosan and Cystatin/Lysozyme Preparation as Protective Edible Films Components
International Journal of Polymer Science
This work characterizes biological, physical, and chemical properties of films formed from an aqueous solution of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC), with different concentrations of chitosan (CH) and bioactive cystatin/lysozyme preparation (C/L). The properties of biocomposites were examined by Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA), Fourier's transfer infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), water vapour permeability (WVP), and tensile testing. Antimicrobial activity againstMicrococcus flavus,Bacillus
... lavus,Bacillus cereus,Escherichia coli,Pseudomonas fluorescens, andCandida famatawas conducted. Films glass transition and storage modulus were dependent on the C/L and CH concentration. Modulus values decreased during the temperature scan and with higher reagents levels. An increase of CH and C/L concentrations in the films resulted in a decrease in tensile strength from 2.62 to 1.08 MPa. It suggests the hydrolyzing influence of C/L, also observed in smaller peak size ofαrelaxation. C/L addition caused shiftingTgto higher temperature. DMA and FTIR analysis proved that HPMC and CH are compatible polymers. Water resistance was improved with rising CH concentration from1.08E-09to7.71E−10 g/m∗s∗Pa. The highest inhibition zone inM. flavusandC. famatawas recorded at the highest concentration of CH and C/L.