Discovery and characterization of llama VHH targeting the RO form of human CD45 [article]

Patrick James Lupardus, Deepti Rokkam
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
CD45 is an abundant and highly active cell-surface protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) found on cells of hematopoietic origin. CD45 is of particular importance for T-cell function, playing a key role in the activation/inactivation cycle of the T-cell receptor signaling complex. The extracellular domain of CD45 is comprised of an N-terminal mucin-like domain which can be alternatively spliced to a core domain (RO) consisting of four domains with fibronectin 3 domain (FN3)-like topology. The study
more » ... topology. The study of CD45 has been hampered by a small set of publicly available antibodies, which we characterized as specific to the N-terminal FN3 domains of CD45 RO. To broaden the human CD45 reagent set, we identified anti-CD45 single domain VHH antibodies from a post-immune llama phage display library. Using a yeast display domain mapping system and affinity measurement we characterized seven unique clonotypes specific for CD45 RO, including binders that target each of the four FN3-like domains. These VHH molecules are important new tools for studying the role of CD45 in T-cell function in vitro and in vivo.
doi:10.1101/2020.09.01.278853 fatcat:ymo4bvohxzgjfgvp5mf7sjq5wm