Mechanistic insights into intramembrane proteolysis by E. coli site-2 protease homolog RseP [article]

Yuki Imaizumi, Kazunori Takanuki, Takuya Miyake, Mizuki Takemoto, Kunio Hirata, Mika Hirose, Rika Oi, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Kenichi Miyoshi, Rie Aruga, Tatsuhiko Yokoyama, Shizuka Katagiri (+11 others)
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
Site-2 proteases are a conserved family of intramembrane proteases that cleave transmembrane substrates to regulate signal transduction and maintain proteostasis. Here, we elucidated crystal structures of inhibitor-bound forms of bacterial site-2 proteases including E. coli RseP. Our observations are consistent with a rearrangement of the RseP domains surrounding the active center to expose the substrate-binding site where a conserved electrostatic linkage between the transmembrane and
more » ... associated domains mediates the conformational changes, suggesting that RseP has a gating mechanism to regulate substrate entry. Mutational analysis also supports that the substrate transmembrane helix is unwound by strand addition to the intramembrane β sheet and is clamped at the active center for efficient cleavage. Furthermore, this substrate accommodation mechanism appears to be common across distinct intramembrane proteases.
doi:10.1101/2022.01.31.478169 fatcat:6pfcrzu6vncz5je4vg3agjr4ay